Tag Archives: occupations

Book: Nelkenrevolution reloaded? Krise und soziale Kämpfe in Portugal

Ismail Küpeli about current activism in Portugal including a collection of voices from activists.

Extract in English here: http://issuu.com/edition-assemblage.de/docs/extract_nelkenrevolution_reloaded

More about the book here: http://www.edition-assemblage.de/nelkenrevolution-reloaded/

 

Workshop: Transnational public participation and social movement activism. Ambiguities of global spread, professionalization and standardization.

O CESNOVA – Centro de Estudos de Sociologia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa – e o CIES – Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia do ISCTE – juntam-se para receber o Workshop Internacional intitulado “Aspetos transnacionais na participação pública e no ativismo dos movimentos sociais”. Nos dia 14 e 15 de novembro as portas estarão abertas à participação do público, com a presença de investigadores internacionais em sessões debate sobre participação e ativismo social.

No tempo de crise em que vivemos, Portugal é palco para protestos da sociedade civil. Os cidadãos saem à rua pedindo para serem ouvidos pelos decisores políticos, reconhecidos na arena política europeia e autoridades internacionais como a TROIKA. Embora a maioria dos movimentos sociais tenha como principal alvo as autoridades nacionais, estes estão a tornar-se cada vez mais internacionais dada a semelhança dos problemas e desafios com que os países vizinhos se deparam. Ativistas e manifestantes de diferentes países comunicam as suas ideias, organizam dias de ação conjuntos, aprendem com as práticas comuns, numa perspetiva solidária e na partilha de uma identidade comum. Um dos exemplos deste envolvimento além-fronteiras foi o recente Movimento ‘Occupy’. Também o envolvimento do público mostra dimensões internacionais, como se observou na partilha de informação entre ativistas e manifestantes na Turquia e Brasil sobre as ações de agressão por parte da polícia.

De 14 a 15 de novembro, investigadores de todo o mundo reúnem-se em Lisboa para discutir o papel da sociedade civil na influência política e o seu envolvimento na política internacional. A final da tarde de cada dia decorrem sessões abertas ao público, onde investigadores convidados dialogam com os presentes sobre a dimensão internacional do ativismo social e da participação pública.

Este Workshop Internacional é organizado pelo CESNOVA  (Centro de Estudos de Ciências Sociais da Universidade Nova de Lisboa) e pelo CIES (Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia do ISCTE), com o financiamento da Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia e Fundação Friedrich-Ebert.

Workshop programme (14-15.11.2013 in Lisbon)

Transnational public participation and social movement activism. Ambiguities of global spread, professionalization and standardization.

Thursday November 14

Venue: CESNOVA, FCSH-UNL, ID Building, Avenida de Berna 26C, Lisbon, room: 006

 9.00 Registration & Welcome coffee

9.30 Welcome & Introductory Remarks: Prof. Luís Baptista (CESNOVA, Lisbon), Reinhard Naumann (Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Portugal)

 9.45 Welcoming notes from organizers and introduction

Nina Amelung (TU Berlin, CESNOVA Lisbon) and Britta Baumgarten (CIES Lisbon): Opening up. An encounter between transnational oriented research on public participation and social movement activism, Discussant: Prof. Mikko Rask (National Consumer Research Centre, Finland)

10.40 First paper session: The making and shaping of transnational publics I

Chair: Nina Amelung (TU Berlin, CESNOVA Lisbon)

Gianluca Sgueo (CES Coimbra): Trans-national Civil Society’s Coalitions – A Way out of the Zugzwang?, Discussant: Enrico Borghetto (CESNOVA Lisbon)

Camilo Tamayo Gómez (University of Huddersfield): Communicative Citizenship Actions, Political Activism and Claiming of Human Rights from a Transnational Perspective: the case of the Social Movement of Victims of Eastern Antioquia, Colombia, Discussant: Nuno Nunes (CIES Lisbon)

 12.00 Lunch break

13.30 Second paper session: The global spread of new forms, norms and paradigms of activism and public participation I

Chair: Enrico Borghetto (CESNOVA Lisbon)

Sonja van der Arend (TU Delft): Participation is the issue, Discussant: Alejandro Esguerra (UFZ Leipzig)

Abel Polese (Dublin City University): Renegotiating social policy through informality: a view from Central and Eastern Europe, Discussant: Open discussion

Hanna Mühlenhoff (University of Tübingen): EU civil society funding – empowering or depoliticizing, either or? Discussant: Sonja van der Arend (TU Delft)

15.30 Walk to change the venue to CIES

16.00 Keynote Dialogue & Debate (public):

Venue: CIES, Av.ª das Forças Armadas, 1649-026 Lisbon, room: B203

Starting a dialogue – How can we strengthen exchange and cooperation between research on transnational public participation and on transnational social movements?

Prof. Mikko Rask (National Consumer Research Centre, Finland), Prof. Sabrina Zajak (University of Bochum, Germany)

Chair: Britta Baumgarten (CIES, Lisbon)

 

Friday, November 15

Venue: CESNOVA, FCSH-UNL, ID Building, Avenida de Berna 26C, Lisbon, room: 006

9.30 Third paper session: The making and shaping of transnational publics II

Chair: Guya Accornero (CIES Lisbon)

Lanka Horstink (University of Lisbon): Online participation and the new global democracy. Avaaz, a case study, Discussant: Inês Pereira (CIES Lisbon)

Lídia Fernandes (Dinâmica-CET, MMM Lisbon), Magda Alves (MMM Lisbon) and Judite Fernandes (FLUC, MMM Lisbon): Feminist challenges in transnational anti-austerity activism, Discussant: Cedric Masse (University of Lisbon)

9.30 Parallel session: The global spread of new forms, norms and paradigms of activism and public participation II

Chair: Britta Baumgarten (CIES Lisbon)

Angela Bourne (University of Roskilde) and Sevasti Chatzopoulou (University of Roskilde): Has the Eurozone crisis caused a transnationalisation of social movements? The case of Greece and Spain, Discussant: Jordi Nofre (CESNOVA Lisbon)

Rubén Díez García (University Carlos III Madrid): An approach to the Spanish 15M and the transnational networks of ‘indignados’: ideology, identity and method,    Discussant: Jonas van Vossole (CES-FEUC Coimbra)

 10.50 Coffee break

11.00 Fourth paper session: Transnational standardization of frames and discourses of social movements activism

Chair: Patricia Pereira (CESNOVA Lisbon)

Cristina Espinosa (University of Freiburg): One Discourse through Practices: Standardizing the Interpretation of the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth, Discussant: Raul Pacheco-Vega (Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economicas – CIDE, Aguascalientes, Mexico)

Jordi Nofre (CESNOVA Lisbon): Camped against the capital or hidden activisms of protests of the year 2011. The cases of Tahrir Revolution and ‘the Indignados’ Movement, Discussant: Helena Freitas (CIES Lisbon)

11.00 Parallel session: Translation and contextualizing of transnational circulating concepts and techniques

Chair: Beatriz Padilla (University of Minho)

Cedric Masse (University of Lisbon): Isonomy and Isegory: The making of public participation within Portuguese Alter-globalist social movements, Discussant: Angela Bourne (University of Roskilde)

Humberto Machado (IESP -UERJ Rio de Janeiro): Transnational policy action: global anti-hegemonic social movements from the formation of transnational peripheral collective identities, Discussant: Open discussion

12.20 Lunch break

14:00 Fifth paper session: Mobilization of transnational public engagement 

Chair: Madalena Corte Real (CESNOVA Lisbon)

Raul Pacheco-Vega (Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economicas – CIDE): Trans-North American environmental social movements: The politics of mobilization in the Citizen Submission on Enforcement Matters Mechanism (CSEM), Discussant: Sabrina Zajak (University of Bochum, Germany)

Alejandro Esguerra (UFZ Leipzig): From Passive Audience to Rights-Holder? Assessing the public participation turn in international expert organizations, Discussant: Nina Amelung (TU Berlin, CESNOVA Lisbon)

15:20 Concluding session: Goodbye notes from organizers / further collaborations and publication plans

16:00 Coffee break

16.30 Key note presentations & debate (public)

Venue: FCSH, room: Grande Auditório 1, FCSH-UNL, Avenida de Berna, 26C

Introductory notes from CESNOVA representative (Prof. António Brandão Moniz, CESNOVA, Lisbon)

Research meets practice – What’s the relevance of social movement activism and public participation practices for science and vice versa?

Jamila Raqib (Executive Director of the Albert Einstein Institution, USA), Dr. Raul Pacheco-Vega (CIDE Aguascalientes, Mexico), Prof. Tiago Santos Pereira (CES Coimbra, Portugal)

Chair: Nina Amelung (TU Berlin, CESNOVA Lisbon)

Saturday, November 16

11.00 – 13.00 Walk in Mouraria

 

Livro: Sobre a Passagem de Alguns Milhares de pessoas por um breve período de tempo

Os autores anónimos escrevem sobre este livro:

“Este texto foi escrito por vários pares de mãos ao longo dos
últimos meses, num processo continuamente minado por eventos que
insistiam em torná-lo incompleto sempre que parecia quase concluído.
Muitas vezes discordámos sobre praticamente tudo: não apenas o que
tinha acontecido e quando, ou quantas pessoas tinham estado onde, mas
também quanto às questões de fundo que atravessam o período que este
texto pretende narrar. O discurso aqui proposto é incompleto, parcial,
questionável e eventualmente duvidoso. Ante as inúmeras experiências
pessoais e colectivas seria ridículo sugerir que estas dezenas de páginas
fazem mais do que reunir as notas, ideias, desejos e projecções de uma
mão cheia de pessoas, limitadas pelos contextos pessoais e políticos onde
estiveram inseridas. A intensificação dos processos emancipatórios em
curso foi, talvez como nunca antes na história, acompanhada por uma
gigantesca multiplicação de instâncias onde se comenta e discute tudo até
à exaustão. Pensamos que esta nossa contribuição seria útil a esse debate e
ao enriquecimento desse espaço de diálogo, nem sempre pacífico ou fácil.
É nesse espírito que o divulgamos.”

Aqui o texto completo:

Sobre a Passagem de Alguns Milhares de pessoas por um breve período de tempo

 

Research note

“You cannot evict an idea”: Empty Buildings and Occupations in Portugal
Britta Baumgarten

Wandering through the Lisbon city centre visitors are stunned by the enormous number of empty buildings. Statistics speak about nearly 5000 buildings that are partly or completely abandoned, about 300 of them belong to the municipality (http://tretas.org/PrediosDevolutosLisboa). Many are abandoned since years and in a state of severe decay. This causes indignation but also the desire to use these spaces to build up something that serves people.

On Wednesday, 6 June 2012, the Indignados de Lisboa, a group that formed in May 2011, pinned a notice at the door of such an abandoned house, saying that the house is a public building that – like many others of its kind – needs salvages and has not been used for the benefit of the citizens for years. The municipality is given a period of ten days to start works on or to do something useful for the citizens with this house. If this does not happen the house may be occupied at any time (http://saolazaro94.blogspot.pt/2012/06/cml-tem-10-dias-uteis-para-dar.html). By the use of the municipalities coat of arms with only the name changed to “Indignados” the notice is given an official outward appearance and the notice’s text is very close to those that the occupiers usually receive from the municipality. The Indignados de Lisboa are not planning to occupy houses, but their campaign is closely related to a new development of occupations in Portugal.
It is related to the two most prominent cases of occupations of abandoned state-owned buildings in Portugal during the last years. The movement “Es.Col.A” who occupied a school in Oporto which became known as “Es.Col.a da Fontinha”(http://escoladafontinha.blogspot.pt/) and “São Lazaro 94” (http://saolazaro94.blogspot.pt) a building in Lisbon occupied on 25 April 2012 in an act of solidarity with Es.Col.A after its eviction. Each of these occupations received a letter from the municipality quite similar to the notice the Indignados de Lisboa wrote. The occupiers were by law given ten days to move out. After that period the house may be evicted at any time.

Occupations of houses were common in the period after the carnation revolution in 1974. They were widely accepted as a necessity for living at these times, because living space was rare, especially for the people who came back to Portugal from its former colonies. Today occupations are seldom. Fontinha and São Lazaro 94 are the most prominent cases – also because of their political significance.

The Es.Col.A da Fontinha- a former school that had been closed down five years before – was occupied in April 2011 and evicted on 19 April 2012. During this year the project Fontinha developed an impressive infrastructure. The former school was used for example as a cultural space organizing projects for children, cultural events, like theatre and cinema, a social space organizing e.g. joint dinners, and a space for self-organized learning and teaching including a room with computers, and a library. It was thus widely accepted by the neighbourhood and celebrated as a successful project of self-organization. After its eviction, which was accompanied by large protests, the complete infrastructure was destroyed.

Less than a week later, São Lazaro 94 was occupied as a spontaneous action of solidarity with Fontinha. Thisis, however, not the first time. Already in November 2010 the space was occupied for a few days and then evicted. The last tenants had left in 2005. Meanwhile rain came through the open windows and the house further decayed. During the short time of occupation (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUkHWnUsKNE) the activists started making the house habitable, including a technical inspection and repairing a water damage. They cleaned and painted the house, and initiated a cultural and social programme and a give-away shop.

In statements about the future of the occupation the responsible for the abandoned house at the municipal of Lisbon argued that she could not treat a group of occupiers different than the mass of poor people who are currently in need of a living space. This argument was also used in November 2010, when the house was occupied for the first time. In fact occupations with a few exceptional cases are illegal and there are some projects for poor people placed in formerly abandoned houses, like a hotel for those people in the neighbourhood that temporarily need to leave their own houses (http://www.publico.pt/Local/freguesia-de-s-jose-vai-ter-o-primeiro-hotel-social-de-lisboa-1548901). Those projects, however, are connected to administrative efforts and are rare given the high number of abandoned houses in the hand of the municipality.
It was also claimed that the occupiers would damage the house. To demonstrate that they did not abuse public goods, but worked in favour of the house, the occupiers handed over four packages with pigeon excrements and dead pigeons they had collected during the cleaning (http://sol.sapo.pt/inicio/Sociedade/Interior.aspx?content_id=51672).

Although occupying buildings is far from being a common practice in Portugal and the occupiers remain a small group, there is broad support of the idea of occupation amongst the Portuguese activist groups. Not only the idea of creating self-organised spaces is welcomed. The occupations once again raised awareness and indignation about the vast amount of empty houses in decay. Even though neither São Lazaro 94 nor Fontinha were occupied for people to live there, they have brought the idea of a right to housing back on the list of important issues of various movements. Political occupations in Portugal, however, remain rare exceptions.