Tag Archives: forms of protest

New Publication: Conceptualizing Culture in Social Movement Research

Edited by Britta Baumgarten, Priska Daphi, Peter Ullrich

Culture has become a prominent concept in social movement research. It is, however, often employed in an unsystematic and limited way. This volume introduces and compares different concepts of culture in social movement research. It assesses advantages and shortcomings of existing concepts and introduces new approaches. In particular, it addresses facets of cultural theory that have hitherto been largely neglected in the literature on social movements. This includes ideas from anthropology, discourse analysis, sociology of emotions, narration, spatial theory, and others. The chapters in this volume address three relationships between social movements and culture: culture as a framework for movements, social movements’ internal culture, and culture and cultural change as a result of social movement activity. For the purpose of making concepts easily accessible, each contribution explains its approach to culture in an understandable way and illustrates it with recent cases of mobilization.

9781137385789

http://www.palgrave.com/page/detail/conceptualizing-culture-in-social-movement-research-britta-baumgarten/?K=9781137385789

large parts online for free: http://books.google.de/books?id=5HCoBAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=conceptualizing+culture+in+social+movement+research&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ofQ0VLCmH-a8ygPmmIDgCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=conceptualizing%20culture%20in%20social%20movement%20research&f=false

Discount flyer: Flyer Conceptualizing Culture in Social Movement Research

Table of Contents

1. Protest and Culture: Concepts and Approaches in Social Movement Research. An Introduction; Peter Ullrich, Priska Daphi, and Britta Baumgarten

PART I: THEORIZING CULTURE FROM DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES BEYOND THE MAINSTREAM
2. Feeling – Thinking: Emotions as Central to Culture; James Jasper
3. ‘A Whole Way of Struggle?’: Western Marxisms, Social Movements and Culture; Laurence Cox
4. Reassessing the Culture Concept in the Analysis of Global Social Movements: An Anthropological Perspective; June Nash
PART II: CULTURE AS A FRAMEWORK FOR MOVEMENT ACTIVITY
5. Culture and Activism Across Borders; Britta Baumgarten
6. Comparing Discourse between Cultures: A Discursive Approach to Movement Knowledge; Peter Ullrich and Reiner Keller
7. Culture and Movement Strength from a Quantitative Perspective: A Partial Theory; Jochen Roose
PART III: INTERNAL MOVEMENT CULTURE
8. Movement Space: A Cultural Approach; Priska Daphi
9. Movement Culture as Habit(us): Resistance to Change in the Routinized Practices of Resistance; Cristina Flesher Fominaya
10. Memory and Culture in Social Movements; Nicole Doerr
11. Embodying Protest: Culture and Performance within Social Movements; Jeffrey Juris
PART IV: IMPACT OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS ON CULTURE
12. Moving Culture: Transnational Social Movement Organisations as Translators in a Diffusion Cycle; Olga Malets and Sabrina Zajak
13. Memory Battles over May ’68: Interpretative Struggles as Cultural Re-Play of Social Movements; Erik Neveu

International workshop “Transnational public participation and social movement activism”

Early career scholars workshop on Ambiguities of global spread, professionalization and standardization

14-15 November 2013
Lisbon

Call for papers is open until 18th August 2013: workshop_lisbon_cfp_final

The workshop is dedicated to questions linking transnational public participation research with transnational social movement activism research and pointing to dynamics of global spread, professionalization and standardization. It aims at discovering linkages, differences and ambiguities in both research fields and invites contributions from diverse disciplines. The workshop includes a public keynote dialogue between Dr. Mikko Rask, Finnish National Consumer Research Centre (confirmed), and Prof. Marisa von Bülow, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Chile and University of Brasília, Brazil (tbc) on linkages and challenges of transnational public participation and social movement activism. It concludes with a plenary discussion on political and societal relevance and implications of public participation and social movement research with Prof. Tiago Santos Pereira, University of Coimbra (confirmed), Portugal and Prof. Frank Fischer, Rutgers University, USA and University of Kassel, Germany (confirmed).

Outline of the topic

Designs and processes of participation, deliberation and activist forms become established globally addressing various policy issues and different policy levels. Social movement activist forms such as assemblies as well as ready-made templates and techniques for public participation such as citizen juries, consensus conferences, deliberative pollings, foresights, citizen budget forums etc. become developed worldwide and spread around the globe. However, they become more established in some regions while others remain less fertile for democratic and social innovations. The public participation design knowledge travels among experts, practitioners and citizens increasingly in a transnational and translocal setting.

The climate of uncertainty and risks of modernity, requirements of good governance and strong social movements are contextual factors increasing the demand for different/new models of participation. On the one hand this leads to standardization and homogenization of approaches around the world, on the other hand it faces the diversity of intellectual, cultural and political backgrounds that influence norms and values of what is seen to be the ‘good’, the ‘right’ and the ‘efficient’ participation.

The increasing spread of public participation principles and methods brings up ambivalent dynamics and dilemmas such as

* Circulation of concepts, models and techniques:

Different concepts of democracy and representation co-exist and built a fragmented meta-discourse as references for diverse fields of participation practices, at the same time single models and techniques circulate as best-practice. The concepts, models and techniques from diverse cultural, theoretical and normative backgrounds travel transnational and entangle in new combinations, not necessarily frictionless. .

* Diversity and hybridization versus homogenization and standardization:

The spectrum of models and techniques is characterized by diversity and homogenization at the same time. New application problems or trends towards good governance, and calls for more democratization by social movements and protest groups bring new designs and techniques for participation. Existing models become modified to hybrids and single designs become dominant practices and de facto standards in the field, some of them even legally installed.

* Specialized expertise and professionalization:

Expertise for public participation models and processes becomes more and more complex and specialized. It is stored in handbooks, academic publications and is openly accessible in specialized websites. Conferences and trainings are elements in this knowledge production chain and professionals such as facilitators, moderators, policy consultants, global activists and academics built their career on it. Participation becomes a matter of ‘experts.’

The workshop approaches reflection on the transnational formation and standardization of public participation with three foci:

1) Global spread of new action forms, practices and models for public participation: How do action forms and practices travel, how are they modified and adapted, and finally how do they become established in a new context? How do transnational formation and standardization become established? How are they intermingled with the spread and the increasing diffusion and how do they shape the field of participatory innovations? It’s worth to raise questions of how norms and standards of designs and normative principles lead to automatism and establishment of potentially taken for granted approaches of public participation and challenge to look which mechanisms and forms of conformance, modifications and resistance to standards appear. Participatory Budgets, for example were practiced at a municipal level in Porto Alegre already in 1989 and from there spread worldwide. Social movement practices, e.g. the way deliberation is practiced in the assemblies of the Spanish 15M, often trace back to older social movement practices in other regions of the world. These practices are not simply copied, but constantly adapted.

2) Normalization and professionalism in expertise: How do dynamics of transnational normalization and mainstreaming of public participation models go hand in hand with professionalism of experts of public participation? What about the role of experts mediating between citizens / stakeholders and decision makers / policy makers? Can we see trends towards commercialization of public participation practices and an evolving ‘participatory industry’ of participation consultants? How does this affect the spread and the legitimacy of participatory processes? For instance development agencies, like US Aid or GIZ (former GTZ), over a long time have generated a large expertise in how to improve participation in development projects which has gain acceptance as so-called expert knowledge but partly competes or contradicts with the local knowledge and cultural scripts for problem solving.

3) The making and shaping of public participation models: How are transnational formation and standardization shaped by the social construction of public participation (models)? The knowledge production of public participation models provides a range of approaches on public participation. This includes competing alternative models for participation, controversies over authority of normative conceptions for democratic quality and efficient policy making and competing legitimacy claims of models and actors involved. The framing of ‘the public’ (the role of representation, self-selection versus random-selection), ‘the right way to talk’ (for instance based on rationality, consensus oriented) and the desired outcome of participation (activating citizenship, preventing social resistance, empowerment of marginable groups) includes implicit diverse normative conceptions of democracy and politics and shapes the reality the models are used in. This is why the look into the making of public participation models becomes crucial.

Related to these themes we are especially interested in papers that deal with empirical examples which give insights into designs or forms for participation, deliberation and social movements activism that make global claims or travel across different localities. Examples are the World Wide Views, pan-European approaches on participatory processes (European Citizen Consultation, Meeting of Minds, Europolis, etc.) or large-scale processes such as the Australian Citizens’ Parliament, recent developments of transnational and global social movements, the World Social Forum and its regional forms (the continental ones, country specific and local social forums, etc.), transfer of action forms (related to the Occupy Movement, Pussy Riot, Femen, etc.) and models of democracy from below (as for example participatory budgeting approaches, deliberative pollings, foresights), development of internal meeting cultures, and practices to overcome unequal participation due to status differences or language by these social movement actors.

Target audience:

The workshop welcomes conceptual, theoretical and empirical contributions from early career scholars (including PhD-candidates and Post-docs) addressing one or more of these foci. Contributions combining different research perspectives on participatory and deliberative policies and social movements engagement, from public policy and governance studies, interpretative policy analysis, organizational studies, urban and planning studies, innovation studies, science and technology studies, geography and anthropology are explicitly welcomed.

Publication plans:

The workshop aims at providing an appropriate spirit and format supportive in particular for ambitious early career scholars who are interested in publications. Therefore experienced scholars as discussants shall help to elaborate manuscripts towards publishable papers. Selected authors will be invited for international peer reviewed publication activities afterwards.

Submission procedure:

Extended abstracts should be no longer than 300 words, written in English and contain a clear outline of the argument, the conceptual, theoretical and/or empirical framework, methodology and results. Abstracts for empirical papers further should include a brief description of the data used. They should be sent to nina.amelung@tu-berlin.de not later than 18th of August 2013.

Special Events: Lisbon is one of Europes’ most exciting cities which we would like to introduce to the participants of the workshop with the special focus on its social movements and public participation activities. Therefore we meet for a ‘reception’ on Wednesday, October 13, the evening before the workshop starts at MOB, a cultural centre run by two activist groups the Precários Inflexíveis (“The Inflexible Precarious Workers” an association that fights on behalf of the precarious workers) and Group Hassan (a cultural initiative, offering e.g. Hip Hop courses)). Further we offer a walk through Mouraria, a revitalized district in the historical center of Lisbon which tells us a story about the ambiguities of activating residents from diverse cultures and identities for public participation.

Venue:

The workshop will take place at CESNOVA – Centre for Sociological Studies of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa – and CIES – Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology of the University Institute of Lisbon.

Time planning:

Deadline for abstracts: 18th of August 2013

Announcement selected abstracts: after 15th of September 2013

Deadline for papers: 31st of October 2013

Workshop: 14th and 15th of November 2013, reception on 13th of November, guided Lisbon tour on 16th of November

Organisation:

The Workshop is hosted in collaboration of CESNOVA at Universidade de Nova and CIES at Instituto Universitário de Lisboa. The concept is developed by Nina Amelung, Innovation in Governance Research Group at Technische Universität Berlin / CESNOVA at Universidade Nova de Lisboa and Dr. Britta Baumgarten, CIES – Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology, University Institute of Lisbon.

Management team (alphabetical order): Nina Amelung, Dr. Britta Baumgarten, Madalena Corte Real, Cristina Oliveira

Scientific committee (alphabetical order): Nina Amelung, Dr. Britta Baumgarten, Prof. Breno Bringel, Prof. António Moniz, Prof. Beatriz Padilla, Dr. Mikko Rask and N.N.

Conference fees and support for travel costs: There is no workshop fee planned. Accommodation and lunch/ dinner costs are individual costs. Unfortunately we cannot offer travel reimbursement, but help with information about funding programs.

Contact:

Nina Amelung, Innovation in Governance Research Group /CESNOVA, nina.amelung@tu-berlin.de

Britta Baumgarten, Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology, University Institute of Lisbon, britta.baumgarten@gmail.com

The workshop is supported by the German Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung.

Publication: Geração à Rasca and beyond

This article analyses the Portuguese mobilizations that started with the Geração à Rasca in March 2011. The author argues that international events and the import of ideas from movements abroad had an important impact on the organizational structure and the claims of the Portuguese mobilizations. The nation-state, however, remains a very important factor in activism: organizational structures as well as claims are to a great extent country-specific.

Baumgarten, Britta: Geração à Rasca and beyond. Mobilizations after 12 March 2011, in: Current Sociology, March 2013, 61 (2),
, doi:  10.1177/0011392113479745

http://csi.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/04/16/0011392113479745

 

Livro: Sobre a Passagem de Alguns Milhares de pessoas por um breve período de tempo

Os autores anónimos escrevem sobre este livro:

“Este texto foi escrito por vários pares de mãos ao longo dos
últimos meses, num processo continuamente minado por eventos que
insistiam em torná-lo incompleto sempre que parecia quase concluído.
Muitas vezes discordámos sobre praticamente tudo: não apenas o que
tinha acontecido e quando, ou quantas pessoas tinham estado onde, mas
também quanto às questões de fundo que atravessam o período que este
texto pretende narrar. O discurso aqui proposto é incompleto, parcial,
questionável e eventualmente duvidoso. Ante as inúmeras experiências
pessoais e colectivas seria ridículo sugerir que estas dezenas de páginas
fazem mais do que reunir as notas, ideias, desejos e projecções de uma
mão cheia de pessoas, limitadas pelos contextos pessoais e políticos onde
estiveram inseridas. A intensificação dos processos emancipatórios em
curso foi, talvez como nunca antes na história, acompanhada por uma
gigantesca multiplicação de instâncias onde se comenta e discute tudo até
à exaustão. Pensamos que esta nossa contribuição seria útil a esse debate e
ao enriquecimento desse espaço de diálogo, nem sempre pacífico ou fácil.
É nesse espírito que o divulgamos.”

Aqui o texto completo:

Sobre a Passagem de Alguns Milhares de pessoas por um breve período de tempo

 

Text Christine Auer: “Affects in political protests”

O texto “Affects in political protests” da Christine Auer foi apresentado  no Workshop “Protestos e Movimentos Sociais Contemporâneos em Portugal” no dia 21 de fevereiro, no ISCTE, Lisboa.

Resumo:

The investigation this paper seeks to explore the significance of affects in current
protest movements against austerity measures in Lisbon. Based on a field research using
the method of sound ethnography, protest forms of new social movements are compared
with more traditional ones like trade-union demonstrations.
According to Brian Massumi, affect has recently become more important to understand
power than ideology. In his opinion, the modulation of affects even substitutes traditional
ideologies in politics. Referring to Spinoza, Massumi perceives affect as a resource of
creativity and potential and suggests that alternative politics should also use this. Based on
these assumptions, the question is: How is affect modulation used by different groups in the framework of current political protest in Lisbon, and what kind of potential does that create?
The data of the investigation is based on recordings collected during a field research in
Lisbon during two weeks of significant protest events in September and November 2012
respectively. The ongoing analysis of the material focuses on a comparison between the
practices of “Que se lixe a troika”- protest alliance that organized one of the biggest
demonstrations in Portugal in recent decades, and other protest movements of the same
time period and moment of history.
The methodological approach is not based on traditional sound studies, but on the idea of an ethnography of the senses. It is presumed that affects can be perceived through the sounds of demonstrations: the way somebody talks while giving an interview, not only the content of political slogans but also the way they are shouted, the fact that some things are audible at a demonstration and others not etc. Thus, the method opens an additional dimension to textual and visual approaches and allows an approximation to a truly thick description.
Like this, the text is also a reflection on the methodology: What can an ethnography of sound contribute to the investigation of social movements?